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Fast growing plants as privacy screens


Fast growing plants as privacy screens

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Fast growing plants as privacy screens

A privacy screen made of plants is the most beautiful way to ward off prying eyes on the terrace or garden. We present the most beautiful hardy plants for a hedge that grow quickly without getting too big.

Don’t you feel like waiting years for your hedge to provide good privacy? Or spend a lot of money on trees that are already a bit bigger? No problem, because there are many fast-growing shrubs and hedge plants.

We make suggestions for evergreen and deciduous plants that grow between 40 and 70 centimeters per year. The actual growth naturally always depends on the nature of the soil, the supply of nutrients and water as well as the location, so these are only guidelines. All of the plants we suggest for privacy protection are hardy.

Plants that are not vigorous and grow very large were taken into account in these proposals. Our tips for plants that offer quick privacy protection will grow strongly at first, but will not get very large. Because with shrubs and bushes that get too big, you have a lot of work to do with cutting the plants. The boundaries are of course fluid, and the list is only exemplary and not complete.

Deciduous, fast-growing plants for privacy protection

Buddleia, butterfly bush (Buddleja davidii)

The Buddleia is a great shrub for anyone looking for a quick privacy screen. The shrub grows quickly without overgrown. It is absolutely pruning and blooms all the more beautiful if you prune it back vigorously each spring. The butterfly bush grows between 50 and 150 centimeters each year and reaches a height of between two and three meters.

Use: in spring, only for freely growing hedges or as a solitary plant

Location: sunny

Soil: well drained, not too moist

Panicle hydrangea (Hydrangea paniculata)

Panicle hydrangeas quickly grow into beautiful, dense bushes that also spoil the eye with beautiful flowers. Like all hydrangeas, they want a partially shaded location and a good water supply. In good conditions, they grow between 30 and 100 centimeters per year and reach a height of between two and three meters.

Use: for freely growing hedges or as a solitary plant

Location: partially shaded

Soil: well-drained, fresh to moist, humic

Black elderberry, lilacberry (Sambucus nigra)

Elderberry has many advantages, just think of the beautiful flower umbels and the delicious elderflower syrup you can make from it. If you don’t want to harvest the berries in autumn, the birds will be happy about the great food supply. In order to grow well, the elder needs a sunny to partially shaded location, moist, nutrient-rich soil. In a mixed hedge it grows between 50 and 70 centimeters per year. Elderberry bushes reach heights of three to five meters.

Use: for freely growing hedges or as a solitary plant

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: well-drained, fresh to moist, humic

Forsythia, golden bell (Forsythia x intermedia)

The forsythia is a popular shrub because it heralds spring with its yellow flowers. The shrub grows vigorously at a young age without overgrown. Otherwise, forsythia are beautiful and easy-care trees for the garden that have few demands. Their only disadvantage is that bees do not fly to the flowers. Forsythia grow 30 to 60 centimeters in length every year, without becoming taller than about three meters.

Use: for freely growing hedges or cut hedges

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: well-drained, fresh to moist, humic

Scented jasmine, farmer’s jasmine or pipe bush (Philadelphus coronarius)

The scented jasmine is lavish with flowers and scent, without making high demands on location or care. The shrub quickly forms high crowns and has many leaves in spring, which serve as a privacy screen. Depending on the variety, the plants reach heights of between 200 and 400 centimeters and grow around 30 centimeters every year, depending on the location and the nature of the soil.

Use: for freely growing hedges or as a solitary plant

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: not very demanding, well-drained, fresh to moist, rich in nutrients

Privet (Ligustrum vulgare)

A great advantage of the privet is that it does not shed its leaves in mild winters and therefore forms a good privacy screen even in the cold season. Privet bears very beautiful white flowers in spring, the berries are very popular with birds. Privet is absolutely compatible with cutting and also feels good in the shade. Privet can grow up to 50 centimeters per year and reach a height of 5 meters.

Use: for shaped hedges

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: not very demanding

Ornamental currant, blood currant (Ribes sanguineum)

The ornamental currant grows strongly at a young age without becoming too big. Its blood-red flowers in spring are an eye-catcher. The blood currant grows about 40 to 60 centimeters per year and reaches a maximum height of 250 centimeters.

Use: for freely growing hedges

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: normal garden soil, moderately rich in nutrients, well drained, sandy

Purple dogwood, redwood dogwood (Cornus alba sibirica)

The purple dogwood not only grows quickly, but also an eye-catcher for every garden in autumn and winter because of its autumn color and red branches. The dogwood has to be cut regularly, because only the young branches are colored red. The purple dogwood grows between 30 and 60 centimeters per season. It reaches a height between two and three meters.

Use: for freely growing hedges, shaped hedges

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: well-drained, fresh to moist, acidic to neutral

Bladder spar (Physocarpus opulifolius)

The bladder spar is an undemanding plant that thrives on any garden soil in a sunny to partially shaded location. The special thing about the bladder spar is its foliage, which, depending on the variety and season, shimmers green, yellowish purple or orange. But its flowers, which appear in white to pink-colored umbels, are very decorative. The bladder spar grows upright in its youth, later the branches bend elegantly. Depending on the variety, the bladder spar reaches a stature height of 120 to 250 centimeters and grows about 30 to 50 centimeters per year.

Use: for freely growing hedges, solitary plants

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: well drained, undemanding

Asterisk shrub, May flower shrub (Deutzia magnifica)

The star shrub is not only a fast-growing woody plant, but is also a flowering dream in May and June, when the white panicles appear. The Deutzia likes a semi-sunny location and nutrient-rich, moist soil. At first the Deutzia grows upright, later the plant develops into a spreading bush. Deutzia reach a stature height of 250 to 300 centimeters and are between 150 and 250 centimeters wide. They grow between 20 and 50 centimeters per season.

Use: for freely growing hedges, solitary plants

Location: sunny to shady, protected

Soil: well drained, undemanding

Evergreen, fast growing woody plant

Cherry laurel, laurel cherry (Prunus laurocerasus)

The cherry laurel is one of the fastest growing shrubs among the evergreen plants. Cherry laurels do not make any demands on the location, but do want fresh and moist soil. Cherry laurels are popular for their decorative, large, shiny leaves. The shrub should be trimmed with scissors so that no leaves are cut, which then turn brown and unsightly. Be careful with small gardens as cherry laurels can get very wide. Cherry laurels grow 40 to 60 centimeters per year and reach a height of between 200 and 350 centimeters.

Use: for freely growing hedges, solitary plants

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: well drained, undemanding

Firethorn (Pyracantha coccinea)

The firethorn grows upright and attracts attention with its bulky branches on which sharp thorns grow. Birds therefore find safe shelter between the branches. Firethorn blooms white in spring, and is particularly beautiful in autumn because of its decorative red or orange fruits. The plant thrives best in a sunny location, it does not make any special demands on the soil. The plants are 150 to 400 centimeters high and wide, depending on the variety, and grows between 30 and 60 centimeters annually.

Use: for freely growing hedges, shaped hedges, solitary plants

Location: sunny

Soil: well-drained, dry to fresh, moderately rich in nutrients

bamboo

Bamboo grows very quickly into dense hedges. Bamboo does very well in shady or partially shaded locations. There are varieties available in different colors and heights. There are clump-forming (Fargesia) and runners-forming (Phyllostachys) varieties. Runner-forming varieties should be prevented from spreading with a rhizome barrier. Bamboo grows to a height of one to five meters, depending on the variety.

Use: for freely growing hedges, shaped hedges, solitary plants

Location: sunny to partially shaded

Soil: not very demanding, well-drained, dry to fresh, humic

The best time to plant

The rule of thumb for the planting time of deciduous trees is: the earlier before the new shoot, the better. The best time to plant trees is autumn and winter, when the ground is not frozen. This gives the plants time to form new roots by spring.

Freshly planted evergreen plants, on the other hand, often suffer damage during severe frosts. Therefore, you should plant them on mild days from February onwards, when excessive frosts are no longer to be expected. It is important that you water the plants regularly when there is no frost.

The planting hole should be deep enough, the soil loosened and stones and roots of other plants removed. If you then add compost and horn shavings to the planting hole, the plants will have a good start in spring.

Proper care for fast-growing plants

Those who grow quickly are very hungry and thirsty. This also applies to plants. Therefore, you should water your freshly planted hedge well and regularly for the first two years. You can also accelerate growth with fertilizer. It is best to “feed” the new plants with compost and horn meal.

To cut

All hedges need regular topiary. This also applies to newly planted hedge plants. After planting, the main shoot and all longer branches must be shortened so that the branches branch and the hedge becomes dense. After this first cut, the young hedge is cut regularly once a year.

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These garden ideas were written by the Freudengarten editorial team.

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A privacy screen made of plants is the most beautiful way to ward off prying eyes on the terrace or garden. We present the most beautiful hardy plants for a hedge that grow quickly without getting too big.

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